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Antitrust

A Need for a Close Scrutiny in Combinations Involving a Maverick Firm

Akash Thomas Jose Introduction Antitrust regulators across the world have recognised the role of a Maverick firm in enhancing competition, which proves beneficial to serving the objective of antitrust regulations, i.e., increasing consumer welfare. Maverick firms thus satisfy the said objective by playing a ‘disruptive role’ in the market, as they have a greater economic […]

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Antitrust

E-Commerce and Vertical Agreements: Is The Latter’s Scope Under the Competition Act Limited?

By Shagun Singhal and Khushbu Turki Introduction The Competition Act, 2002 (‘the Act’) sets out the prohibition against anti-competitive agreements under Section 3(1) of the Act.[1] Even though the Act does not explicitly use terms like horizontal or vertical agreements, it prohibits these under Section 3(3) and 3(4), respectively.[2] The Act provides for five types […]

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Antitrust

Inclusion of Privacy as a Non-Price Competition Parameter

By Vishal Pathania In a digital economy or data-driven economy, data occupies the central position in new data-driven businesses. Collecting, storing, analysing, and working with data play an important role in the data-centred markets. In fact, data has become a significant source of market power.[1] This is the reason why many data-driven companies such as […]

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Antitrust

CCI’s Market study on E-commerce: A Pragmatic Path En Route Fixing Competition Law Impediments

By Aarya Deshpande and Sourabh Balwani Background The Indian e-commerce industry has seen phenomenal growth in the past few years and is expected to vitalise its accretion owing to broadening internet penetration and augmentation of smartphone users in the country. The growth of the e-commerce sector began in 2009, but has soared manifold since 2014, […]

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Antitrust Constitutional Law Rights Adjudication

An Introduction to Amazon’s Exploitative Behaviour

By Gautami Govindarajan Jeff Bezos may be the richest man in modern history, but at whose cost? Amazon has risen to a position of market dominance, but behind the glittering deals and soaring profits is a history of abuse and exploitation of labour. Violations of Labour and Human Rights Amazon has been repeatedly found to […]